Research Projects for FY2022

Research Division

Contemporary Issues on Asia-Japan Economic Relations

Group Leader: Masayoshi Honma

 This group focuses on Japan’s ties with Asia and policy issues accompanying changes in the economic environment such as globalization. While conducting academic research, this group cooperates with researchers at home and abroad to carry out policy research conducive to the common development of Asia.The main research topics of this group include: the international flow of people (immigration, international labor migration, tourism, etc.), international trade and FDI between Asia and Japan, and their relations of interdependence.

Research Summary:
  1. 日本人住民の個人的属性が外国人介護者に対する態度にどのような影響を与えているのか?
  2. 外国人介護者に対する態度に地域的な違いはあるのか?違いがある場合、地域属性がどのような影響を与えているのか?


Staff: Erbiao Dai
Understanding the Origins and Determinants of Differences in Trust in Institutions
Research Summary:
 Trust is a fundamental element of social capital – a key contributor to sustaining well-being outcomes, including economic development. However, there is a considerable variation in trust around the world. For example, individual trust and trust in institutions are high in Nordic countries such as Norway, Sweden, and Finland. In contrast, the level of trust is low in many Asian countries.
 Additionally, within-country variation in trust also exists.
 This project aims to understand the origin and determinants of differences in trust with a specific emphasis on institutional trust in Asian countries. In particular, we will explore what determines the differences in trust across institutions such as the health care system, banks, educational institutions, political establishment, court, police, and news media. As institutional trust is a fundamental element of social capital and a necessary condition for the processes of investment, innovation, and trade that drive economic growth, this study will attempt to contribute towards policy making on sustainable development in Asian countries including Japan.
Staff: Pramod Kumar Sur
Research Summary:
Staff: Masayoshi Honma

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Growth Policies and Experiences among Asian Countries

Group Leader: Chikashi Kishimoto

This group studies what emerging Asian countries can learn from the economic development process and related policies of Japan, the first modern developed country in Asia, and put forward policy suggestions based on the research results.At the same time, this group studies what Japan can learn from the growth process and related policies of Asian countries with remarkable growth, and puts forward policy suggestions based on the research results.

Research Summary:
 近年、国内外で、起業奨励とスタートアップ育成の土台として「スタートアップ・エコシステム」の構築が重視されている。エコシステムの構成要素としては様々なアクターが含まれるが、本研究は、特に「スタートアップ・アクセラレータ(Startup Accelerator)」に注目する。その理由として、アクセラレータがスタートアップ・エコシステムの中で、起業家・スタートアップの育成に直接的に携わることに加え、他の関連アクター(例えば、政府機関、大企業、投資家、大学・研究機関)との連携により、エコシステムのハブ的な位置付けになってきていることがある。アクセラレータの役割・ビジネスモデルにも様々なタイプがあるが、本研究では、近年、台湾でも大企業-スタートアップ連携が重視されていることに鑑み、主に大企業-スタートアップ連携促進に重点を置くアクセラレータを1~3社程度取り上げる予定である。研究調査の手法としては、面談調査を含めた現地調査の実施を主とするが、コロナ禍の状況は予断を許さず、オンラインによる面談実施等により柔軟に取り組んでいく。
Staff: Chikashi Kishimoto
Improving Access to Medicines: The Trade-offs
Research Summary:
 Improving access to medicines is important for improving population health and reducing health inequalities. Drug pricing and insurance systems are crucial to improving access to medicines.
 This study aims to systematically analyze the trade-offs between affordability, accessibility, and adoption when improving access to medicines. Specifically, it includes three components: 1) the trade-off between drug pricing and new drug development, 2) the trade-off between drug use and financial sustainability, and 3) how improved access to drugs can improve population health outcomes. This study has three phases. In the first phase (FY2022), we will focus on constructing a database that connects pharmaceutical companies and healthcare providers in China.
Staff: Ying Yao

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Urban Policies for Revitalization of Kitakyushu

Group Leader: Hiroshi Sakamoto

Focusing on the transportation infrastructure construction, environmental business and sustainable urban development that are conducive to the revitalization of Kitakyushu city, this group investigates the successful cases and relevant policies of urban and regional revitalization at home and abroad, and puts forward policy suggestions based on the research results.

Research Summary:
Staff: Tatsuo Hatta
Research Summary:
Staff: Hiroshi Sakamoto
Research Summary:
 The sources of electricity generation are directly related to pollution situation. After the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011, Japan’s sources of electricity generation greatly shifted towards natural gas and coal. This is seen as having negative implications for air pollution as well as Japan’s ability to cut greenhouse gases by 80% by 2050. This study aims at exploring, from a spatial analysis point of view, the changes in air pollution and different economic indicators, before and after the incident. We do so at a municipal level. Additionally, we regionalize the country by defining boundaries based on pollution levels, for different years. We attempt to provide policy recommendations at the regional level related to the third, seventh, and thirteenth SDGs.
Staff: Alvaro Dominguez

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Consulting Division

Group Leader: Kazuki Tamura
Research Summary:
Staff: Kazuki Tamura

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